Just like H. virginianum, H. canadense is also rarely cultivated. The white flower buds with ciliate calyces resemble an exquisite lace work; the leaves are simple, large, and/or with wide lobes. They are silver spotted in early spring before changing to green, at the same time when Erythronium americanum is in bloom.
Recognized by pollination ecologists as a very valuable species because it attracts a large numbers of native bees; the flowers are often foraged, long after their prime, by bumblebees. Useful as a groundcover in difficult shady areas and for naturalization projects.
The population in the image was growing at the edge of a deciduous forest in part-shade, in quite a dry location (Ontario, Canada). Not very often seen, and in a few U.S. states is listed as extremely rare or threatened.
best if sown in the fall outdoors; or in the spring after cold-moist stratification.
Update: deep simple epicotyl dormancy – meaning that the root will emerge in late fall after a warm stratification and the shoots growth will begin in the following spring (after cold stratification). If the sowing is done too late in the fall/winter, then germination will complete in the second spring after sowing.