A smaller size Mayflower (formerly Smilacina) with alternate, lance-shaped leaves that look stiff, clasping the stem. White, star-shaped flowers in terminal inflorescences in May to June, and fruit a red, green or black berry with dark stripes. In most years it will turn a beautiful golden colour in late fall.
Very rarely seen it offered; a wonderful Mayflower for the edge of the woodland garden, or as a groundcover; very adaptable.
Medicinal: there are reports of the roots being chewed raw or used in syrups; teas for coughs.
Germination: seeds kept moist after collecting, room temperature for about 6-8 weeks and then cold/moist, will start to germinate in the spring with rising temperatures (April-May). In the first season, they will only develop a rhizome/roots and the first leaves will start growing in the second year (see images in the gallery).