An interesting ‘ghostly’ species, Indian pipe is easy to recognize by its white colour, lacking completely chlorophyll. It is entirely dependent on the nutrients stolen from the fungi forming mycorrhizae with nearby trees, including Pinus, Tsuga, Acer, Betula, Quercus and Fagus.
The white (rarely light-pink) flowers are bell shaped and nodding. Very conspicuous when ‘white’ groups appear on the woodland floor. The name Indian-pipe alludes to the plant shape at flowering.
Germination: the only way is to incorporate the seeds (very fine, dust-like) around a mature tree in the garden and hope that the present mycorrhizae will support the seed germination and then the growth.