Northern Bayberry is an aromatic shrub that requires little maintenance and is beneficial to the wildlife. Dioecious; the flowers are arranged in catkins, and those of the female plants are followed by bluish berry-like fruits with a waxy coat that persist throughout the winter.
Traditionally the fruits were used to make bayberry wax candles (which are still made on a small scale); also the bayberry essential oil from leaves is used in many other products.
Germination: best if the waxy coating is removed by washing the seeds, followed by cold-moist stratification for at least 2 months. Without removing the wax, it will still germinate but slower and sporadic.