This is the renown pine portrayed by Tom Thomson in his famous paintings of the Northern Canadian landscapes. When it grows on shallow soils or rocky outcrops it becomes gnarled with age and bent by the winds, an unmistakable habit, that can be recognized from far away.
The needles are short, slightly curved and disposed in bundles of two. The cones are variable in size but usually curved and remain on the tree for quite a few years without opening. In the wild, the cones open to release the seeds only after forest fires, or sometimes, after very hot, dry weather. They are eaten by various rodents and birds.
It should be grown more for its amazing hardiness and adaptability. It is used mainly for bonsai forming but it can be trained to form picturesque specimens even in a small rock garden when planted at a young age.
Germination: after soaking the seeds in warm water, or after a short (2 weeks) cold-moist stratification period.