This is a deciduous North American Ilex, growing 2-4 m tall depending on the soil conditions. The main attractive feature is given by the highly ornamental red fruits in the fall, especially after the foliage drops. The species is dioecious; only the female plants will form fruits, and at least one male plant is required in groups planting for fruit setting.
Excellent, trouble free shrub for moist areas, highly adaptable; wildlife value.
Native Americans call it ‘fever bush’ and use it for medicinal purposes.
sow in the fall (moist-cold stratification required); germination can be slow and irregular.
Update: indicated to require warm/cold stratification for germination (Baskin & Baskin).