Stunning red flowers above the foliage – three dark red, pointed petals framed by 3 green or reddish green sepals. The scent of the flowers is the source of the common name, Stinking Benjamin – they emit odours to attract flies, which are the main pollinators. I would never consider them stinky, but maybe I didn’t sniff them at the right moment.
A most desirable Trillium; always seen in much smaller numbers than Trillium grandiflorum both in the wild and in cultivation.
Germination: Best sown fresh, or kept moist and allowed to follow the outdoor temperature cycles and sown in the spring. Germination is hypogeal: in the first season it will form just a root/small rhizome and the first leaf appears in the second year. Some seeds will emerge radicles and form a small rhizome by fall when kept moist storage; these will send up the first leaf in the coming spring. It needs about 4-5 years to get to the flowering size, but otherwise it is not difficult to cultivate in part shade locations and medium moist, well drained substrates.